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Running Go Web Apps on IIS with HttpPlatformHandler

HttpPlatformHandler can help IIS host Java/Python/Node.js/Go applications, so in this post we wil see how to configure a Go/Echo web app on IIS and troubleshoot the common issue.

Basic Go/Echo Setup

At the beginning, we will start by installing Go on this machine,

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winget install GoLang.Go

After that we will start to make a sample application,

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cd C:\
mkdir test-go
cd test-go
go mod init test-go
go get github.com/labstack/echo/v4

Next, create a file server.go with the following content,

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package main

import (
	"net/http"
	
	"github.com/labstack/echo/v4"
)

func main() {
	e := echo.New()
	e.GET("/", func(c echo.Context) error {
		return c.String(http.StatusOK, "Hello, World!")
	})
	e.Logger.Fatal(e.Start(":1323"))
}

The steps are taken from Echo documentation.

Now on this Windows machine with Go and Echo installed, a simple command go run server.go in the directory of C:\test-go\ can launch the application at port 1323.

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PS C:\test-go> go run server.go

   ____    __
  / __/___/ /  ___
 / _// __/ _ \/ _ \
/___/\__/_//_/\___/ v4.11.4
High performance, minimalist Go web framework
https://echo.labstack.com
____________________________________O/_______
                                    O\
⇨ http server started on [::]:1323

To make this Go web app works with IIS, we need to modify the code a bit to read the port number from environment variable HTTP_PLATFORM_PORT,

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package main

import (
	"flag"
	"net/http"
	
	"github.com/labstack/echo/v4"
)

func main() {
	port := flag.String("port", "1323", "port to listen on")
	flag.Parse()

	e := echo.New()
	e.GET("/", func(c echo.Context) error {
		return c.String(http.StatusOK, "Hello, World!")
	})
	e.Logger.Fatal(e.Start(":" + *port))
}

Compile the code to an executable file,

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go build server.go

After compilation, a file server.exe is created in the directory.

HttpPlatformHandler Setup

Now let’s download and install HttpPlatformHandler on IIS, and add a web.config in C:\test-go,

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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<configuration>
    <system.webServer>
        <handlers>
            <add name="httpPlatformHandler" path="*" verb="*" modules="httpPlatformHandler" resourceType="Unspecified" requireAccess="Script" />
        </handlers>
        <httpPlatform stdoutLogEnabled="true" stdoutLogFile=".\go.log" startupTimeLimit="20" processPath="server.exe" arguments="--port %HTTP_PLATFORM_PORT%">
        </httpPlatform>
    </system.webServer>
</configuration>

With all settings in place, I can go back to IIS Manager and create a site (I chose *:8086 as site binding) to point to C:\flask-test. By opening a web browser and navigate to http://localhost:8086/, I should now see “Hello, World!”. Ah, what happened?

Troubleshooting

0x8007005

Yeah I am not able to see “Hello, World!” but a Bad Gateway error page with the Error Code of 0x80070005.

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> .\Err.exe 80070005
# No results found for hex 0x4c5c575 / decimal 80070005
# for hex 0x80070005 / decimal -2147024891
  COR_E_UNAUTHORIZEDACCESS                                       corerror.h
# Access is denied.
  DIERR_OTHERAPPHASPRIO                                          dinput.h
  DIERR_READONLY                                                 dinput.h
  DIERR_HANDLEEXISTS                                             dinput.h
  DSERR_ACCESSDENIED                                             dsound.h
  STIERR_READONLY                                                stierr.h
  STIERR_NOTINITIALIZED                                          stierr.h
  E_ACCESSDENIED                                                 winerror.h
# General access denied error
# as an HRESULT: Severity: FAILURE (1), FACILITY_WIN32 (0x7), Code 0x5
# for hex 0x5 / decimal 5
  ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED                                            winerror.h
# Access is denied.
# 9 matches found for "80070005"

This isn’t hard to understand, because anything under C:\test-go\ is protected and not accessible by IIS application pools by default. So I need to grant read permission to the local group IIS_IUSRS.

0x8007002

After fixing the file system permission issue, another Bad Gateway error page with the Error Code of 0x80070002 appears.

The cause is actually simple, that Windows/IIS tries to resolve server.exe from the system path, but it is not there. So I need to modify web.config to use the full path or simply .\server.exe to make it work.

Side Notes

So, at this very moment, the web.config should look like this,

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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<configuration>
    <system.webServer>
        <handlers>
            <add name="httpPlatformHandler" path="*" verb="*" modules="httpPlatformHandler" resourceType="Unspecified" requireAccess="Script" />
        </handlers>
        <httpPlatform stdoutLogEnabled="true" stdoutLogFile=".\go.log" startupTimeLimit="20" processPath=".\server.exe" arguments="--port %HTTP_PLATFORM_PORT%">
        </httpPlatform>
    </system.webServer>
</configuration>
© Lex Li. All rights reserved. The code included is licensed under CC BY 4.0 unless otherwise noted.
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